Common pochard
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Genus: Aythya
Species: Aythya ferina
The common pochard (aythya ferina) is a diving duck.


Common pochard (Aythya ferina)


The male has red head, black breast and grey back, red eyes and dark bill with a pale patch on it. The female is much paler and has brown plumage and a narrower grey bill-band. The triangular head shape is distinctive. Pochards are superficially similar to the closely related North American redhead and canvasback. [1]


The common pochard is well adapted to diving, with its legs lying to the rear of its body. If attacked, it prefers to swim away, because it first has to run on the water surface to be able to take off. [2]


The female lays one brood per year from July to October eggs in April-May The nest is on the ground near the water in a reed bed. It is made of grass and leaves, wood, feathers. From the birth of the chicks, the female leads them to water. [3]


It feeds by diving into the water or dabbling, and eats small fish, mollusks, aquatic insects and plants. It often feeds at night, and may feed upside-down when diving for food. [4]


Up to 10 years. [5]

Distribution and HabitatEdit

Breeds in swamps and marshes across most of Europe. [6]


  1. Information from [1]
  2. Information from [2]
  3. Information from [3]
  4. Information from [4]
  5. Information from [5]
  6. Information from [6]